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After the debacle of the 1st Vatican Council, where they proclaimed teachings that hinged salvation on new dogma, a group of European Churchmen sought Episcopal protection from the Church of Utrecht Holland. By that time the See of Utrecht had officially sanctioned autonomy for several hundred years. Shortly after joining with Utrecht, this new group formed what has come to be known as the Union of Utrecht. Their founding document, the Declaration of Utrecht solidified their faith in the tenets of Catholicism, based upon Holy Scripture and faithfully interpreted through apostolic tradition and the first seven councils of the primitive church. Our guiding principle is the Rule of Faith laid down by St. Vincent of Lerins in these terms: “Id teneamus, quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est; hoc est etenim vere proprieque catholicum.” [Let us hold to what has been believed everywhere, always, by all; for this is truly and properly catholic.] For this reason we preserve in professing the faith of the primitive Church, as formulated in the ecumenical symbols and specified precisely by the unanimously accepted decisions of the Ecumenical Councils held in the undivided Church of the first thousand years. The text that follows is an overview, not a complete listing of the Canons of each council:
1st Seven Ecumenical Councils
1st Seven Ecumenical Councils